近代体育-中国体育博物馆
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近代体育

  中国的近代体育,是指1840年鸦片战争到1949年中华人民共和国成立前这一历史时期的体育。它虽然只有一百多年的历 史,但却是一个起着承上启下作用的重要阶段。

  鸦片战争改变了中国社会的性质,使中国从一个封建社会,逐步变成半殖民地半封建的社会。中国近代体育,在剧烈社会变革的特定历史环境下,不能不带有时代的痕迹。它经历了艰难曲折的历程,凝聚着中华民族的沧桑、悲壮和奋起。

  这一时期,中华民族在继承和发扬传统体育的同时,随着西方文化的传入,也接受了西方体育。这两种体育在相互影响和并存中,共同发展,并形成了中国体育的新特色。

  学校体育是近代中国体育的基础,培养了一批专业体育工作者,为发展体育事业起着积极的推动作用。各省、大区和全国性运动会相继开展。体育机构和组织相应建立。中国运动员开始参加国际比赛。

  在中国共产党的领导下的革命根据地和解放区,体育受到高度重视,谱写了红色体育的光辉篇章。

Modern Period (1840-1949)

Though covering a little more than a century, the Modern Period from 1840 when the Opium War began to 1949 when the People’s Republic of China was founded, was an important intermediate phase as far as the Chinese history of sport is concerned.

The Opium War turned China from a feudal society into a semi-feudal and semi-colonial society, in which sport came under the unavoidable influence of violent social upheavals and followed a tortuous path linked closely to the precarious national destiny.

It was during this period that the traditional Chinese sports inherited from the past coexisted and developed side by side with modern sports introduced into China as part of the Western culture, forming a new genre with salient Chinese features.

Within the framework of school physical education, a large personnel was trained during this period for the promotion of sport in China. Sports meets were held at national and local levels. Sports organizations were founded. Chinese athletes were sent abroad to take part in international competitions.

In the Communits-led revolutionary bases and liberated areas, great attention was paid to the cause of sport, adding an illustrious chapter to the annals of this particular realm of culture.

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